In simple terms: A disinfectant is a chemical that destroys, neutralizes and/or inhibits the growth of disease-carrying microorganisms.
In technical terms: Destruction of 99% of pathogenic and non-pathogenic microorganisms, their toxins, or vectors, by direct exposure to chemical agents.
AIR/ SURFACE DISINFECTION
2007 study using ClO2 for disinfection in an Armed Forces General Hospital.
Lin, K. S., Hsieh, M. J., Liou, M. J., Lee, S. L., Lai, C. (2007). Disinfection effect of chlorine dioxide on air quality control in Armed Forces General Hospital of Taiwan. Nature and Science, 5(4).
2013 Study on water & wastewater from the journal Water South Africa.
Bekink, MJ, & Nozaic, DJ. (2013). Assessment of a chlorine dioxide proprietary product for water and wastewater disinfection. Water SA, 39(3), 375-378.
Studying effectiveness in killing Salmonella, yeasts, and molds on blueberries, strawberries, and red raspberries.
Sy, K.V., McWatters, K.H., Beuchat, L.R. (2005). Journal of Food Protection. Jun;68(6):1165-75.